pat testing properties for landlords and lettings

Electrical appliances provided by a landlord for use by tenants in a property fall under Health and Safety regulations that require them to be maintained, inspected and tested to ensure they are always safe to use and will not cause harm to the tenant.

For HMO applications an in-date (usually conducted annually) PAT Test Certificate is required.

For other rented property UK Government regulations recommend appliances be tested at least once in 5 years, although best practice recommends shorter intervals.


Further information on the requirements for HMO licenses can be found here on the website.

We will inspect and test every electrical appliance, carry out basic maintenance and flag up any need for specialist service or faulty goods. All appliances that pass will be recorded, and a safety certificate will be provided.

We will also work with you to set up appropriate frequencies between tests and remind you when the next checks are due.

The Electrical Equipment (Safety) Regulations 1994 state that all mains electrical equipment (cookers, washing machines, kettles, microwaves etc), whether new or otherwise, supplied with the accommodation must be safe to use. A landlord or management company need to regularly maintain the electrical equipment provided to ensure it is safe to use.

The equipment must be checked prior to the tenancy commencing to ensure they’re safe. A record of the appliances should be made and supplied to the tenants.

Additionally the equipment should be further checked between lets and it is recommended that equipment be checked on a regular basis, such as annually.

Landlords Obligations

  • By law a landlord must make sure the electrical installation in a rented property is safe when tenants move in, following which they must be maintained in a safe condition for the whole tenancy.
  • This includes the fixed wiring and electrical appliances.
  • An EICR report must include the fixed wiring and an Appliance Inspection Report (PAT).
  • PAT checks are required on appliances provided by the landlords but not those belonging to the tenant.
  • Anything not permanently connected to the electrical installation should be on the PAT report including appliances attached by a fuse spur and/or a plug.