Fixed Appliance Testing

An electrical appliance needs electricity to work. The appliance gets connected to the electricity supply either by having a plug fitted, which is inserted into a wall socket, or by connecting the appliance direct to the mains via a ‘fused spur unit’.

When appliances are checked, historically, they appliances that are directly attached (or fixed) have not been checked because of 2 reasons:

  • The electrician who does the fixed wiring inspection checks up to the outlet (the fused spur), and
  • The PAT tester checks the appliances fitted with a plug

But nobody has been checking the appliance that has not got a plug because it is attached to the mains via a spur.

So, since 2012 the authorities have been trying to educate all of us (us and you) that they need checking, but to date they’ve not had much success. Most people assume because these appliances have always been ok they will continue to be ok so don’t think they really need checking. However, if there is a fault, even a minor one, over a long period of time it could become a big issue, and whilst it has not been a problem so far who is to say it will stay that way.

So action needs to be taken.

You need your fixed appliances testing

But who by? Well there is still no official guidance on who is meant to carry out fixed appliance testing, but the guidance we operate to is this:

If an appliance was manufactured with a plug then hard wired at your workplace then it falls under our remit; we will do initial visual inspection and earth continuity test, and talk to you about the best next course of action. We can do those tasks without having to unwire it; to do that needs the power turning off which is a lot of disruption to you.

It is recommended that fixed appliances (because they are fixed to the wall so likelihood of damage is low), should be tested every 5 years or inline with the EICR. We’ll work with you to make sure this happens, however that can be.

What’s involved in fixed appliance testing?

  • Firstly the power needs turning off; it is important to not work on live circuits, as that is dangerous. So the work needs to be done out of hours, or in working hours at a time when we will not be rushed to complete the task. 
  • The wires from the appliance need removing from the spur and connecting to a unit capable of assisting the test, such as a quick test connector safety block. 
  • The appliance would then be tested in the same way as a portable appliance, before everything has to be put back in the correct way, the fuse unit connected back to the wall, and the power put back on. 

What does Fixed Appliance Testing cost?

The process of fixed appliance testing takes a lot longer than a standard PAT test so you aren’t going to get this for a pound an item!

For fixed appliance testing we charge based on time, with an initial fee including the first hour, then per hour rates thereafter. See our PAT testing prices page for the hourly rate or contact us for a quotation. 

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